First, it was Arizona, and now Georgia is moving to accept payments in Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Both proposed laws are not yet final, but Arizona’s Senate Bill 1091 has passed the State Senate. It seems likely that some other states will follow, and perhaps the IRS eventually will too. In Arizona, the tax man would convert it to dollars at the prevailing rate. You would get credited with the converted dollar amount, so timing could be important. IRS position said cryptocurrency is property in Notice 2014-21. That classification as property has some big tax consequences, accentuated by wild price swings.
f you owe $5,000 in taxes, you could pay the $5,000 in dollars. Or soon, you could pay with $5,000 worth of say Bitcoin, Ripple, or Ethereum. As long as the crypto is worth $5,000 when you pay, you’re home free, right? Not really. After all, you need to consider the sale you just made. The transfer of the crypto to the tax man is a sale, and that could mean more taxes for the year of the payment. If you bought the crypto for $5,000 the day you pay your taxes, there’s no gain.